Gum Treatment and Surgeries

What is gum disease?

Gum disease is the inflammation of the soft tissue and abnormal loss of bone that surrounds the teeth and holds them in place, and is the second most common cause of toothache.

Causes gum disease?

Gum disease is caused by toxins secreted by bacteria in "plaque" that accumulate over time along the gum line. This plaque is a mixture of food, saliva, and bacteria.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

1.Early symptoms include gum bleeding without pain.

2.Pain in a more advanced gum disease as the loss of bone around the teeth leads to the formation of gum pockets. Bacteria in these pockets cause gum infection, swelling, pain, and further bone destruction. Advanced gum disease can cause loss of otherwise healthy teeth.

3.Treating Gum Diseases

4.Oral hygiene and removal of bacterial plaque is the most effective treament of gum disease in early stages.

Thorough cleaning of the teeth and teeth roots called "root planing" and "subgingival curettage." is also useful in moderate to advance stages of gum disease. Root planing is the removal of plaque and tartar (hardened plaque) from exposed teeth roots while subgingival curettage refers to the removal of the surface of the inflamed layer of gum tissue. Both of these procedures are usually performed under local anesthesia and may be accompanied by the use of oral antibiotics to overcome gum infection or abscess. Follow-up treatment may include various types of gum surgeries. In advanced gum disease with significant bone destruction and loosening of teeth, teeth splinting or teeth extractions may be necessary.


It is defined as progressive inflammatory disease of the gums and the surrounding tissue around the teeth. It is commonly refered to as gum disease and was referred to as pyorrhea in the old days. Periodontitis is the number one cause of tooth loss after the age of 40.

Certain medical conditions or medications can make you more susceptible to gum disease. They include pregnancy, diabetes, epilepsy, and such medications as chemotherapy, birth control pills, antidepressants, and those for heart problems.

Signs of Gum Disease

*Gums that bleed when you brush your teeth

*Red, swollen or tender gums

*Gums that have pulled away from the teeth

*Bad breath that doesn't go away

*Pus between your teeth and gums

*Loose teeth

*A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite

*A change in the fit of partial dentures